Gum Arabic

Gum Arabic is a complex mixture of polysaccharides and glycoprotein that is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and is a key ingredient in traditional lithography, used in:

  • Printing.
  • Paint production.
  • Glue.
  • Food (sweets, chocolates,….etc.)
  • Soft drinks (Coca-Cola, Pepsi)
  • Medical industry (Capsules shells)
  • Cosmetics and various industrial applications, such as viscosity control in inks and textile industries, and more a lot where this is not the place to give the details of uses.

Sudan is still the greatest producer of gum Arabic in the world, obviously more than 70% (Wikipedia) of the grade 1 gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal –known in Sudan as Hashab) & grade 2 (Acacia Seyal-known in Sudan as Talha) comes from Sudan, which is the real best quality definitely.

Download Gum Arabic Properties

Download Gum Arabic Technical Sheet


1. Uniform stands of monoculture of the right speciesin large tracks. 1. Mixed species in patches.
2. Well-experienced producers, tappers, collectors, cleaners and graders 2. Lack of experience in all fields.
3. Land tenure settles – recognized private ownership. 3. Serious land tenure problems, Gum is produced in the nomads land.
4. Producers are mainly settled agriculturists. 4. Producers are mostly nomads not interested in Gum development.
5. The stable system of Gum cultivation cycle is practiced in many areas. 5. Over – exploitation and cutting of trees through shifting cultivation is practiced.
6. Development of Gum Projects at all levels. 6. Lack of serious development projects.
7. Produces 85% – 90% of world production. 7. Produces 10% – 15% of world production

Types and grades of Gum:

Grade 1 : Hashab (acacia Senegal): is sorted to the following grades:

  1. Hand Picked Selected (HPS): The most expensive grade. Cleanest, lightest color and in the form of large nodules.
  2. Cleaned and Siftings: The material that remains after handpicked selected and siftings are removed. Comprises whole or broken lumps varying in color from pale to dark amber.
  3. Cleaned: The standard grade varying from light to dark amber. Contains siftings but dust removed.
  4. Siftings: Fine particles remaining following sorting of the choicer grades. Contains some sand, bark and dirt.
  5. Dust: Very fine particles collected after the cleaning process. Contains sand and dirt.
  6. Red: Dark red particles
Hashab (acacia Senegal)

Grade 2 : Talha (acacia seyal) is sorted to the following grades:

  1. Talha cleaned – size (4mm and above)
  2. Talha sifting grade – size (0.5mm ~ 4mm)
  3. Talha dust grade – size (under 0.5mm)

**Also processed grade 1 (Hashab) is available in the kibbled form in practical size (0.5mm~8mm) and (8mm ~ 16mm+)